万象简况

[ 发布时间:2017年02月21日 来源: 作者: 友城处]

万象市简况

万象

Vientiane

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    万象是老挝的首都,也是最大城市,位于湄公河岸,靠近泰国边境。2015年城市人口约76万。

Vientiane is the capital and largest city of Laos, on the banks of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand. The estimated population of the city is 760,000 (2015).

 

  l 优势产业 Competitive industries

 

    万象是老挝经济发展的推动力。最近几年,国外投资推动了该市经济快速发展。2011年,与韩国合作建立的证券交易所开业,有两家公司上市。万象的工矿企业约占全国的3/4,主要有锯木、砖瓦、纺织、火柴、肥皂等,尤以绸缎、花布、编织及金银首饰业最为著名

 

Vientiane is the driving force behind economic change in Laos. In recent years, the city has experienced rapid economic growth from foreign investment. In 2011, the stock exchange opened with two listed company stocks, with the cooperation of South Korea. Vientiane accounts for about 3/4 industrial and mining enterprises of Laos, covering sawmilling, bricks and tiles, textile, matches and soap etc., best known for silk, cotton prints, weaving and gold and silver jewelry industry. 

 

  l 旅游资源 Tourism sources

 

    万象虽然城市不大,但是却吸引了大量的游客。该市有大量的佛寺和佛教遗迹,其中最著名的有塔銮寺。这是最重要的民族文化遗迹,很受外国游客的喜爱。塔銮寺始建于1566年,1953年重建。寺内的金佛高达45米,据说存有如来佛主的遗物。

Although still a small city, the capital experiences a major influx of tourists. The city contains many temples and Buddhist monuments with Pha That Luang, a Buddhist stupa, one of the most famous in Laos. It is the most important national cultural monument and very popular amongst foreign tourists. The original was built in 1566, and was restored in 1953. The golden stupa is 45 metres tall and is believed to contain a relic of the Lord Buddha.

    另一处颇受游客欢迎的景点是西蒙寺。该寺建在高棉印度教圣地遗址上,戒堂后面还留有圣地的遗迹。该寺建于1563年,据说受一个名为“思”的当地女孩的神灵护佑。

Another site that is also popular amongst tourists is Wat Si Muang. The temple was built on the ruins of a Khmer Hindu shrine, the remains of which can be seen behind the ordination hall. It was built in 1563 and is believed to be guarded by the spirit of a local girl called “Si".

 

    其他的景点包括玉佛寺、老挝国家博物馆、塔拉特圣(Talat Sao)早市,以及很多佛教寺庙。

Other sites include Haw Phra Kaew, Lao National Museum, Talat Sao Morning market and many other Buddhist monasteries. 
 

  l 历史文化 History and culture

 

    由于害怕缅甸入侵,1563年万象被定为首都。在法国统治时期,万象是行政首都。最近几年由于经济增长,该市已经成为老挝的经济中心。

Vientiane became the capital in 1563 due to fears of a Burmese invasion. Vientiane was the administrative capital during French rule and, due to economic growth in recent times, is now the economic centre of Laos.