曼德勒简况

[ 发布时间:2017年02月08日 来源: 作者: 友城处]

曼德勒市简况

曼德勒

Mandalay

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    曼德勒是缅甸第二大城市,同时也是缅甸最后的皇城。该市位于缅甸中部干旱地区,靠近伊洛瓦底江,海拔64米,地处仰光市以北716公里处,人口总数达122万以上(根据2014年统计)。

 

Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. It is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy River, 64 meters above sea level, 716 kilometers north of Yangon. The city has a population of more than 1.22 million (2014 census).

 

    曼德勒位于缅甸中部的战略位置使之成为全国重要的客运和货运枢纽。各种运输网络将该市与缅甸的其它城市及中国和印度连接起来。

 

Mandalay's strategic location in central Burma makes it an important hub for transport of people and goods. The city is connected to other parts of the country and to China and India by multiple modes of transportation.

 

  l 产业优势 Competitive industries

 

    曼德勒是上缅甸地区的经济中心,同时也是缅甸北部和中部的主要贸易及交流中心。大部分与中国和印度的对外贸易都通过这里进行。

 

Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma. It is the major trading and communication center for northern and central Burma. Much of Burmese external trade to China and India goes through Mandalay.

 

    曼德勒市是国内重要工业区之一,主要传统工业主要包括:丝织业、挂毯制造业、玉石切割及抛光业、石刻及木刻业、大理石佛像及铜质佛像制造业、寺庙装饰及配备业、金叶及银制品制造业、火柴制造业以及酿制及蒸馏工艺行业等。

 

Mandalay is one of the major industrial zones of Burma. Among the leading traditional industries are silk weaving, tapestry, jade cutting and polishing, stone and wood carving, making marble and bronze Buddha images, temple ornaments and paraphernalia, the working of gold leaves and of silver, the manufacture of matches, brewing and distilling.

 

  l 旅游资源 Tourism resources

 

    曼德勒市内主要有古皇宫、曼德勒山等著名景点。曼德勒是缅甸内的文化及佛教中心。全市拥有大量寺院及700余座宝塔。曼德勒山脚下坐落着库克多佛塔。该塔中的石刻经书被公认为“世界最大的经书”,又称“佛教圣经”。旧曼德勒城外被护城河环绕,城内建筑构成曼德勒宫。这座宫殿大部分结构已在第二次世界大战期间遭到破坏,现已被一座复制宫殿、曼德勒监狱、军事驻地及中央军事指挥部代替。

 

There are many famous scenic spots in the city, including the ancient palace, the Mandalay Hill and numerous monasteries and more than 700 pagodas, since Mandalay is Burma's cultural and religious center of Buddhism. At the foot of Mandalay Hill sits the world's official "Buddhist Bible", also known as the world's largest book, in Kuthodaw Pagoda. The buildings inside the old Mandalay city walls, surrounded by a moat, comprise the Mandalay Palace, mostly destroyed during World War II. İt is now replaced by a replica, Mandalay Prison and a military garrison, the headquarters of the Central Military Command.

 

  l 历史文化 History and culture

 

    在被英国吞并前,曼德勒是缅甸最后一个独立王朝的最后一个皇城。1885年至1948年期间,曼德勒一直处于英国的殖民统治中。在此期间,曼德勒始终是缅甸文化及佛教徒修行的中心,作为最后一座皇城,它被缅甸人当作主权和国家形象的主要标志。1948年,缅甸独立。此后,曼德勒继续作为上缅甸的文化、教育及经济中心。

Mandalay was the last royal capital of the last independent Burmese kingdom before its final annexation by the British. From 1885 to 1948, Mandalay had been under the British colonial rule, during which it was the center of Burmese culture and Buddhist learning, and as the last royal capital, was regarded by the Burmese as a primary symbol of sovereignty and identity. After the country gained independence from Britain in 1948, Mandalay continued to be the main cultural, educational and economic hub of Upper Burma. 

 

图片 Pictures

 

 

( 1 ) SCENERY  OF  MANDALAY

( 2 ) MANDALAY  URBANIZATION

( 3 ) THE NIGHT SCENERY OF MOAT

( 4 ) TAUNG TAMAN LAKE

( 5 ) SHWE KYATYAT PAGODA AND MANDALAY HILL

( 6 ) GOLDEN MONASTERY

( 7 ) MANDALAY HILL MOAT AND FORT

( 8 ) MYANAN SANKYAW GOLDEN PALACE

( 9 ) KUTHO TAW PAGODA

( 10 ) DECORATIVE LIGHTING AT MAHA MUNI PAGODA

( 11 ) ALMS OFFERING IN THE MORNING

( 12 ) PUPPET