博克拉市简况

[ 发布时间:2015年07月14日 来源: 作者: 友城处]

博克拉简况

博克拉

Pokhara

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    博卡拉位于尼泊尔西部发展区、甘达基专区和卡斯基区的中心,同时还是这三个地区的治所。该市是尼泊尔第二大城市,面积55.66平方公里,2011年人口普查255,465人。博卡拉山谷面积125平方公里。博卡拉海拔727米到980米之间,首都加德满都以西约198公里。世界上十大最高山脉中,道拉吉利峰(Dhaulagiri)、安纳普尔那(Annapurna 和马拉斯鲁峰(Manaslu)距离该市不足30英里。

 

Pokhara lies in the centre of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. It is also the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone as well as Western Development Region. Pokhara is also the second largest city of Nepal with an area of 55.66 km2 and a population of 255,465 according to 2011 census. However, the Pokhara valley has an area of 125 km2. The city is located at an altitude of 727 meters to 980 meters and approximately 200 km west of the country's capital, Kathmandu. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu — are within 30 miles of the city.

 

  l 优势产业 Competitive industries

 

    最近几年,博卡拉成为世界主要旅游胜地之一,甚至被称为尼泊尔的旅游之都,成为南亚探险旅游胜地以及著名的安纳普尔那徒步环线旅游基地。因此,当地经济主要依赖旅游业和酒店业。每年有很多游客造访博卡拉。旅游业是当地人以及该市的主要收入来源。旅游业、服务业和制造业对经济的贡献率约58%,侨汇的贡献率约20%,农业的贡献率将近16%。

 

In recent decades, Pokhara has become a major tourist destination in the world, it is even known as tourism capital of Nepal. In South Asia mainly for adventure tourism and the base for the famous Annapurna Circuit trek. Thus, a major contribution to the local economy comes from the tourism and hospitality industry. A lot of tourists visit Pokhara every year. Tourism industry is one of major source of income for local people and the city. Tourism, service sector & manufacturing contributes approximately 58% to the economy, remittances about 20% and the agriculture nearly 16%.

 

  l 旅游资源 Tourism sources

 

    博卡拉,尼泊尔最为盛名的风景地。城内有很多中世纪的寺庙以及古老的尼瓦尔人建筑。以费瓦湖(Phewa Lake)和其北部安娜普尔娜山脉(Mt Annapyrna)以及鱼尾峰(Mt Fishtail)的湖光山色闻名于世。由于位置靠近安纳普尔那山脉博卡拉还是安纳普尔那环线徒步旅行者通过喜马拉雅山地区ACAP地区的基地。

Pokhara is the most famous tourist destination of Nepal. Many medieval era temples and old newari houses are still a part of the city. It is famous for the landscape of Phewa Lake, Mt Annapyrna and Mt Fishtail. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.  

 

    博卡拉正推广世界和平塔和桑冉库特两处山顶观景点,从那儿可以鸟瞰该市的美丽风光和周围的全景。世界和平塔1996年修建,位于费瓦湖南岸,而冉库特位于城市西北部

The city promotes two major hilltops as its viewpoints to view the city and surrounding panorama, World Peace Pagoda built in 1996 across the southern shore of Phewa lake and Sarangkot which is located northwest of the city.
 
 

  l 历史文化 History and culture

 

    博卡拉位于中印之间一条重要的古老贸易通道上。17世纪,该市属于Kaski王国的一部分Kaski是其中一个Chaubise Rajya(尼泊尔24个王国之一,沙阿王朝一个分支统治)。如今博卡拉周围的很多山上还有那个时期的中世纪遗迹。1786年,Prithvi Narayan Shah将博卡拉纳入其统治之下自此之后博卡拉成为从加德满都到久姆拉以及从印度到西藏的交易通道上的重要交易场所。自1950年西藏回归中国之后引发了1962年中印战争之后,从印度通过博卡拉到西藏的古老贸易路线已经废止。如今只有极少量的大篷车从Mustang驶入Bagar

 

Pokhara lies on an important old trading route between China and India. In the 17th century it was part of the Kingdom of Kaski which was one of the Chaubise Rajya (24 Kingdoms of Nepal ruled by a branch of the Shah Dynasty). Many of the hills around Pokhara still have medieval ruins from this time. In 1786 Prithvi Narayan Shah added Pokhara into his kingdom. It had by then become an important trading place on the routes from Kathmandu to Jumla and from India to Tibet. After the reunification of Tibet with China in 1950 lead to the Indo-China war in 1962, the old trading route to India from Tibet through Pokhara became defunct. 

 

    自20世纪90年代起,博卡拉经历了快速城镇化,因此服务业对当地经济的贡献越来越多,超过了传统农业。

Since the 1990s Pokhara has experienced rapid urbanization, as a result service sector industries have increasingly contributed to the local economy overtaking the traditional agriculture.

 

l 城市图片  Pictures

 

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