安塔利亚市简况

[ 发布时间:2015年07月09日 来源: 作者: 友城处]

安塔利亚简况

 

安塔利亚 

Antalya

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    安塔利亚位于安纳托利亚地区(Anatolia最繁华的西南部海岸,周围托鲁斯山脉环绕,是土耳其地中海沿岸最大的城市,城市人口100多万。

Located on Anatolia's flourishing southwest coast bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast with over one million people in its metropolitan area.

 

  l 优势产业 Competitive industries

    农业生产主要包括柑橘类水果、棉花、鲜切花、橄榄、橄榄油和香蕉。安塔利亚大都会食品批发市场占该省新鲜水果和蔬菜市场份额的65%。

Agricultural production includes citrus fruits, cotton, cut flowers, olives, olive oil and bananas. Antalya Metropolitan Municipality’s covered wholesale food market complex meets 65% of the fresh fruit and vegetable demand of the province. 

 

    大规模的开发和政府基金帮助安塔利亚发展成为世界旅游中心,2014年接待游客1250万人,创历史新高。该市将于今年11月举办G-20峰会,标志着该市的旅游经济发展迅速。2000年,安塔利亚自由贸易区建立船厂,专门生产游乐艇。有些船厂在复合材料造船技术领域拥有先进的技术。

Large-scale development and governmental funding has seen the city become a world tourism hub, hosting a record 12.5 million tourists in 2014. Symbolic of the city's rapidly developing tourism economy, Antalya will host the 2015 G-20 summit in November of this year. Since 2000, shipyards have been opened in Antalya Free Zone, specialized in building pleasure yachts. Some of these yards have advanced in composites boat building technology.

 

    Corendon航空公司和太阳快递总部位于安塔利亚。

Corendon Airlines and SunExpress are headquartered in Antalya.

 

  l 旅游资源 Tourism sources

 

    安塔利亚有大量的清真寺、教堂、宗教学校、客栈和土耳其浴。城墙所包围的旧城区是港口地区,也是该市最古老的部分,内有土耳其传统风格和希腊风格的古建筑。

 

There are a number of mosques, churches, madrasahs, masjids, hans (caravanserai) and hamams (Turkish bath) in the city. Kaleiçi, the harbor, which the city walls enclose, is the oldest part of the city. Kaleiçi contains historic houses with traditional Turkish and local Greek architecture. 

 

    该城市的历史遗迹包括城墙、Hıdırlık 塔、哈德良门(又称凯旋门)、钟楼,以及Karatay Medrese(建于1250年的伊斯兰教神学院)等等。

 

Historic sites in the city center include the City Walls, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian's Gate (also known as Triple Gate), and the Clock Tower, and Karatay Medrese (Islamic theological seminary built in 1250) etc.

 

  l 历史文化 History and culture

    安塔利亚于公元前二世纪由帕加马阿塔罗斯王朝创建,后不久被罗马人攻占。在罗马人统治时期,该市发展壮大,修建了哈德良纪念碑等几座新的纪念碑。安塔利亚的统治者曾经多次更替,包括1207年的拜占庭帝国(Byzantine Empire)以及1391年扩张的奥斯曼帝国(Ottoman Empire)。奥斯曼帝国统治的500年里该地区相对和平稳定。一战之后安塔利亚成为意大利的领地,但独立战争之后由新独立的土耳其夺回了统治权。

 

The city that is now Antalya was first settled around the 200 BC by the Attalid Dynasty of Pergamon, which was soon subdued by the Romans. Roman rule saw Antalya thrive, including the construction of several new monuments, such as Hadrian's Gate. The city has changed hands several times, including to the Byzantine Empire in 1207 and an expanding Ottoman Empire in 1391. Ottoman rule brought relative peace and stability for the next five-hundred years. The city was transferred to Italian suzerainty in the aftermath of World War I, but was recaptured by a newly independent Turkey in the War of Independence.

  

  l 城市图片 Pictures

 

Antalya Cliff

 

 

Antalya Marina

 

 

Antalya Yacht Harbour

 

 

Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival

 

 

Clock Tower

 

 

Düden Waterfall

 

Hadrian Door

 

 

Konyaaltı Beach

 

 

sand sculpture festival

 

 

Yivli Minaret